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Background of Clinical Indications
It is mainly used for the auxiliary diagnosis of hyperchloraemia or hypochloraemia. Increased serum chlorine: common in patients with natriemia, hypertonic dehydration, hyperchloraemia metabolic acidosis, excessive injection of saline, etc.; Decreased serum chlorine: common in patients with hyperchloremia metabolic alkalosis and hypochloremia, excessive loss or insufficient intake, such as severe vomiting, diarrhea, large loss of gastric juice, pancreatic juice or bile, long-term restriction of sodium chloride intake, Addison’s disease, excessive secretion of antidiuretic hormone, etc.